In a democratic system, governments and political elites have the advantage of been the legitimate representative of the people in influencing the audience to accept the claims of the need for extraordinary measures in other to deal with an existential threat.
Baltes and Neil J Smelser, editors.
Toward a Critique of the Governmentality of Unease. Armed Forces and Society Winter: Cultures are the ways people classify, codify and communicate their experiences, while social norms or simply norms are the rules socially enforced, whether written or unwritten. Collins, Allan, Contemporary Security Studies,p.
The integrated threat model of Stephan, Stephan and Gudykunst, The existential threat-security logic can also be related the drive of Israel for opacity in terms of nuclear policy related to the claims of living under existential threats could be perfectly understood, supported by a large consensus, during the period when there was no doubt that Israel was facing a concrete threat to its very survival.
The integrated threat theory is much concerned with how threats are perceived by audiences or groups, and how the facilitating conditions involved influence this perception. The theory also gives a set of conditions for a successful speech-act, grouped in two categories: Securitization and the Construction of Security, Thus, whenever a formal norm is in contradiction with a social norm the reinforcement of the first lacks support, becoming only useful to arbitrary applications.
To others, while the answer of the Copenhagen School to what is securitization is satisfying and acceptable, what poses a contention with and around the theory seems to be as a result of the incomplete and narrow answer to the question of how and by whom the securitization processes come to be established through the speech act,62 considered in its definition and construction as having its focus only on the speech act of dominant actors.
ISA Conference, Marchp. Securitization and International Politics,p. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Politics work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours.
In Authoritarian and under developed political and social settings, elites are able to exert a significant control on the content and the dissemination of their messages, manipulating them into the public domain without any open negotiation and an active participation of the audience.
The Policy Tools of Securitization: The European union has been doing a lot through different funds, in order to help EU Member States to improve their ability to develop, implement, monitor and evaluate all integration strategies, policies and measures in respect of nationals of third countries, and also in terms of exchange of information and good practices and cooperation that will allow third country nationals who arrive legally in Europe to fulfill the conditions of residence and to facilitate their integration into host societies.
A Study of Social Order.
Columbia University Press, Security and Immigration, Who are the audience? In a world marked by technological developments with high propensity to alternative political and social communications, technical devices and security information systems, images conveyed through the media play an important role in the process of security narrative construction, thus, the theoretical frame by the Copenhagen School cannot be reduced to a linguistic rhetoric.
Nevertheless, it must also be noted that generally audiences are active participants, not easily influenced, able to filter and interpret political messages to fit their existing ideological and political stances.
Securitization Theory and Securitization Studies,p. The Pacific Review 18, 4: Michael, words, Images, Enemies: For her many of these criticisms are merely based on the absence of ethical and moral goals, which precludes in seen the securitization theory as a theoretical tool which facilitates the actors analysis, rather, its seen as a political method from the point of view of the securitizing actor.Request PDF on ResearchGate | Developing Securitization-Enabling Financial Infrastructure in Emerging Markets: A Case Study of Zimbabwe | This legal study identifies through a case-study of.
Securitisation in Zimbabwe Essay Securitization is a structured finance process that distributes risk by aggregating assets in a pool,often by selling assets to a special purpose entity, then issuing new securities backed by the assets and their cash flows. Alternative Approaches towards the Securitization of HIV/AIDS.
One may assume from the discussion above that the securitization of HIV/AIDS, if not miscarried, has yet to bring into greater attention the security portion of the discourse that is generally accepted and materialised by the international society.
Since Zimbabwe was a British colony, they have adopted some English habits (Lewis). The history and religion make Zimbabwe culture different.
In fact, this country borders with Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, and Zambia. The original inhabitants of Zimbabwe were. Zimbabwe’s mineral securitisation plan launched Posted By 3SMedia on May 28, in News The Zimbabwean government has initiated its securitisation of minerals by directing diamond firms to deposit their gems with the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe in order to secure external loans.
Future Direction and Growth of Securitisation in the Capital Markets. Appendix. Bibliography. References Executive Summary. This report outlines the introduction and development of securitisation, looking at its origins in the American markets and its introduction and subsequent growth in the Australian market.3/5(2).Download