The assurance is determined by the effort that goes into identifying the person requesting the certificate. It did not take long for the Web to move from the scientific community to the commercial world.
Deep infrastructure changes are needed, and once you have achieved a certain amount of size, the sheer inertia of the installed base may make it impossible to apply fixes.
The more simple techniques are user certification schemes, which rely on digital IDs. The introduction of a common protocol and a friendly graphical user interface was all that was needed to ignite the Internet explosion.
Another class of concerns relates to restricting access over the Internet. When business and profit are at stake, we cannot assume anything less than the most dedicated and resourceful attackers typing their utmost will and determination to steal, cheat, and perform mischievous attacks against their pray users of the Web.
Designing a system that is capable of resisting attack from within, while still growing and evolving at a rapid pace, is probably impossible. Thus, a user in possession of such an ID, theoretically, When people use their computers to surf the Web, they have many expectations.
Class 2 Digital IDs require third party confirmation of name, address, and other personal information related to the user, and they are available only to residents of the United States and Canada.
The information provided to Verisign is checked against a consumer database maintained by Equifax. The savings in cost and the convenience of shopping via the Web are immeasurable. They expect to find all sorts of interesting information, they expect to have opportunities to shop and they expect to be bombarded with all sorts of ads.
Where as most successful computer systems resulted from careful, methodical planning, followed by hard work, the Web took on a life of its own from the very beginning.
We can expect new social hurdles over time and hope the great benefits of the Internet will continue to override these hurdles through new technologies and legislations.
People can now go online to buy CDs, clothing, concert tickets, and stocks. The problem is that the attackers are on, and make up apart of, the network they are attacking.
At this point, the security threats became much more serious.
Several companies, such as Digicash, Cybercash, CarParts. The society may take time in adapting to the new concept of transacting business over the Internet.
Issuance and management of encryption keys for millions of users will pose a new type of challenge. The Digital IDs are divided into different types of classes of digital Ids, each represents a different level of assurance in the identity, and each comes at an increasingly higher cost.
For then the dangers of accidental and malicious abuse grew. To protect against insiders at Verisign issuing bogus Digital IDs, a hardware device is used to generate the certificates. While Web security research paper technologies have been developed, only an industry-wide effort and cooperation can minimize risks and ensure privacy for users, data confidentiality for the financial institutions, and non-repudiation for electronic commerce.
The incentive for malicious attackers to exploit vulnerabilities in the underlying technologies is at an all-time high. With the electronic commerce spreading over the Internet, there are new issues being developed everyday such as non-repudiation that will need to be solved.
So when it comes down to the significant importance of Web security it affects us all. The challenge for the security industry is growing. With the continuing growth in linking individuals and businesses over the Internet, some social issues are starting to surface.
It is somewhat ironic that the early Internet was design as a prototype for a high-availability command and control network that could resist outages resulting from an enemy attack, yet it cannot resist college undergraduates. Preventing distribution of pornography and other objectionable material over the Internet has already been in the news.
Consumers may take time to trust the network and accept it as a substitute for transacting business in person. New capabilities were added to satisfy the growing demand for features without carefully considering the impact on security.
The purpose is to bind an individual to an organization. The World Wide Web is the single largest, most ubiquitous source of information in the world, and it sprang up spontaneously. A Class 1 ID provides assurance to the server that the client is using an identity issued by Verisign but with little guarantee about the actual person behind the ID.
People use interactive Web pages to obtain stock quotes, receive tax information from the Internal Revenue Service, check the local weather, consult a pregnancy planner to determine ovulation dates, conduct election polls, register for a conference, search for old friends, and the list goes on.of web application security research.
This paper surveys the area of web application security, with the aim of systematizing the existing techniques into a big picture that promotes future research. We ﬁrst present the unique aspects in the web application development which bring inherent challenges for building secure web applications.
Academic Papers in Web Application Security: This list represents an attempt to collect academic papers on the subject of Web application security.
This white paper examines the technology behind Web Services and web service security – how the system is made available to the user, and the way connections are made to. In this regard this paper presents a brief survey of research challenges and open issues in the area of web security under the suitable subtitles depending upon type of attack associated with the issues.
The Web Security Group is a part of the Stanford Security Laboratory. Research projects focus on various aspects of browser and web White Papers.
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